WHAT IS LINUX and how to move, delete, copy files in Linux
Linux is an operating system just like windows, iOs, and Mac OS. Linux operating system is everywhere, it is in your phone, car, television, refrigerator, thermostats. It is there since the mid-90s and has reached the user-base that spans the globe. Linux is one of the most popular platforms on this planet, Android, which is powered by the Linux operating system. Linux is one of the most reliable, secure, and worry-free operating systems available. An OS is a software that manages all of the hardware resources which are associated with your laptop or desktop. Linux is the operating system that manages all the communication between the software and the hardware. In this blog, you will get to know How to move, delete, copy files in Linux.
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FEATURES OF LINUX:-
1 – MULTITASKING:-
More than one function can be performed together by dividing the CPU time intelligently.
Linux portability doesn’t mean that its size is comfort or it can be easily carried in a pen drive or a memory card. It means that it supports different types of hardware. Linux kernel and application programs support their installation on any kind of hardware platform.
Linux provides security in three ways namely
1 – Authenticating:- Password protection.
2- Authorization:- Controlled access to specific files.
3- Encryption:- Converts file into an unreadable format.
Linux is a multi-user system that means multiple users can access system resources like memory/ram / hard disk/application programs at the same time. But they have to use a different terminal to operate.
5- FILE SYSTEM:-
Linux provides a standard file structure in which system files/user files/are arranged directorial.
6- OPEN SYSTEM:-
Linux source code is freely available and it is a community-based development project. Multiple teams work in collaboration to enhance the capability of the Linux operating system and it is continuously evolving.
7- APPLICATION SYSTEM:-
Linux has its own software repository from where users can install or download any applications.
HOW TO COPY FILEs IN LINUX?
Copying files in Linux are one of the most basic tasks you will perform when working on the command line. In Linux, several commands are used to copy files with cp this is mostly used.
Method to copy files in Linux:-
USING THE COMMAND LINE ( COPY FILEs IN LINUX):-
1 – OPEN TERMINAL-
Press Alt+Ctrl+T to open the terminal on most Linux versions.
2- GO TO THE PROPER DIRECTORY-
Type in cd path where “path” is the address of the folder where you want to COPY your file. (/home/name/Desktop/folder instead of the just folder)
3- TYPE IN THE “COPY” TAG –
]This tag is cp with a space after it.
4- ENTER A FILES NAME-
Type the name and extension of the file you want to copy after cp and space, then add a space.
For Example– If you want to copy a file named “hey”, you would type cp hey into the terminal. If the file name has an extension on the end of it (eg- “desktop”), make sure you include the extension in the file name when you type it in the terminal.
5- ENTER THE DESTINATION FOLDER-
Type the path of the folder in which you want to copy the file. (Copy files in Linux).
For example– if you want to copy “hey” into a folder named “hello” that’s stored in the document folder, you would have cp. hey/home/name/documents/hello (type in the terminal).
6- Press “enter”-
Doing so will run your command. Your file will move in the folder to specified.
USING THE INTERFACE METHOD ( MOVE FILE IN LINUX):-
1 – KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS:- You can use shortcuts to copy, move, and paste files on Linux. Click the file you want to copy and select. Press Ctrl+C to copy the files. Click the folder you want to copy your file. Press Ctrl+v to paste the file.
2- Find the file you want to copy:- Go to the location in which the files are placed/located.
3- Select the file:– Click the file you want to copy.
4- Right-click the file– When you click the file then you will prompt a drop-down menu.
5- Click copy– In the drop-down menu you have to click Copy or Copy file on the same version of Linux.
6- Go to destination folder– Find the folder where you want to paste your file.
7- Right-click an empty space– Clicking on this, it will create a drop-down menu in the folder.
8- Click paste– “Click paste” it is in the drop-down menu. Then you can paste your file.
HOW TO MOVE FILE IN LINUX?
If you want to move a file instead of copying the file to a different folder. Then you can type mv rather than cp when specifying the file name and its destination.
For Example:- mv hey document.
This is the simple way to move files in Linux.
HOW TO DELETE FILES IN LINUX?
Deleting files in Linux is very easy. Open the terminal application.
To delete a file in a directory run: ( rm/hey/to/dir/*)
This is the most simple way to delete a file. If you want to delete all the files:-
Open the terminal application.
To delete everything in a directory run: ( rm/path/to/dir/*)
To remove all sub-directories and files: ( rm -r /path/to/dir/*)
FREE VPS HOSTING FOR LINUX
To catch new customers, these web hosting providers offer their services for free for a limited
period so that new customers can take a trial before making an actual payment.
1 – KAMATERA– Kamatera has the experience of 20 years. They offer 30 days free trial of their cloud VPS services. Kamatera is a leading cloud computing service provider in the world.
2- A2 HOSTING– A2 hosting is another top web hosting provider known for its fast servers & high uptime.
3- DIGITAL OCEAN– Digital ocean is a well-reputed on-demand hosting provider. They serve for 30 to 60 days of a free trial.
4- DOMAINRACER– Domainracer is one of the top listed web hosting, VPS hosting providers. They are well-known for their reasonable price and extraordinary services.
5- GOOGLE CLOUD– Google has launched its cloud platform for the general public. Google cloud is giving free services for 12 months.
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