WHAT IS PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY?
Portrait photography is one of the most popular forms of photography. Portrait photography is a photograph of a person or a group of people that captures or traps the personality of the object by using effective lighting, backdrop, and poses. A portrait mode is also called as Portraiture. That means capturing the photos of One Person or a Group of persons, Object, etc. Portrait mode suggests that capturing the photos that focus on a particular thing, with the blurred background.
A photographic portrait is a picture of someone who knows he is being photographed, and what he does with this knowledge is as much a part of the photograph as what he’s wearing or how he looks. – Richard Avedon.
A portrait is a flat or three-dimensional description of a person’s whole body. Most of them use light and shadow to form a phase, such as a face, eyes, nose, mouth, ears, eyebrows, and so on. Sometimes it is also a description of the human body, referring to a general outline of the person. Portraits can also be divided into low-key portraits and high-profile photos. Portraits are also traces of a person’s background at a certain time. Specifically divided into virtual space portraits and real-time space portraits. generally divided into two types.
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1.Low profile portrait:- Low-key photos and high-profile photos, the opposite of the tone configuration. The black tone on the low-key photo screen occupies a large area, the white tone occupies a small area, and the overall picture is thick and deep. This is a photographic styling technique in which the photographer consciously selects a large black tone and a small white tone in black and white photography to express the content and atmosphere of the work according to the characteristics of the subject.
2.Light-colored photos:- Most of the picture is light-toned, giving a pure and clear feeling; but it does not exclude the use of a small number of dark tones, just the right touch of dark tones can often become the visual center of the picture. It is often used for front or backlight when shooting and is suitable for white-based subjects.
A portrait photo is an image of a human being is a portrait so any photograph that includes at least one person is a portrait. In a more commercial sense, a portrait is a photograph taken with a specific intent to convey some quality through the image of one or more people. Portraiture is an area of specialization in photography. A portrait goes beyond being a representation of a person, a group of people, an animal, or a thing’s physical attributes and depicts the idea and possibly emotions that the artist has about the subject. The goal of a portrait is to forge the illusion of a real emotional, psychological, and possibly intellectual connection between the viewer and the subject of the artwork (painting, drawing, photograph, or another medium).
TYPES OF PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY :-
TRADITIONAL PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY:- In this type of portrait generally includes only the subjects head and Shoulders, although this is not a strict rule. A traditional portrait of often depicts the subject looking at the camera. Traditional portrait photography is posed. The photographer will typically select a solid colored backdrop, and the emphasis of the photo is mainly on the subject’s face. A combination of studio lights and a simple background will enhance the features of your photography subject, making it a popular type of portrait photography among artists and clients alike. Traditional portraits are often what comes to mind when thinking about the portrait genre. This type of image has been around for a long time. But it remains popular because the mix of posing and studio lighting is flattering. A sub-genre of the traditional portraits are formal portraits. They apply the same posing and studio setting, but with formal or business attire.
LIFESTYLE PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY:- This type of portrait photography captures people in their everyday environment doing everyday things. To do this, you might have to schedule more than one session, and you’ll also have to be a director as well as the photographer. lifestyle portraits capture people in an everyday environment, often doing ordinary things. Instead of a studio, this genre of photography works in an environment familiar to the subject. You can take lifestyle portraits, for example, in a family’s home. Lifestyle portraits aren’t posed in the traditional sense. A lifestyle photographer often has a limited time frame to capture a series of portraits. Lifestyle photographers will often direct the subjects. For example, they ask siblings to jump on the bed or ask a family for a group hug.
ENVIRONMENTAL PORTRAITS PHOTOGRAPHY:- This is a mixture of two types of portrait photography–traditional and lifestyle. An environmental portrait is traditional in the sense that they involve poses and optimal lighting conditions, and they are lifestyle portraits in the sense that they are taken in a location that is special to the subject of the photo. This type of photoshoot takes place in a specific location which has a special meaning to the person. It is a way to give the viewer clues to that person’s personality. That location could be a home, an office, or a favorite place outdoors. Or if you photograph a dancer, it can be a ballet studio.
CANDID PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY:- Candid portraits are portraits that are not posed. They are unplanned. An example of a candid portrait would be the street photography images that capture people. Photographers don’t have to photograph strangers to take a candid portrait. But candid portrait photography doesn’t use any direction or posing from the photographer. Street photographers often take candid portraits of the people they meet. There’s often no setup. The photographer gets inspiration from the position the person is taking. The light, the environment, or any other factors create a spontaneous photoshoot.
GLAMOUR PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY:- Glamour photography is also often referred to as beauty photography. It’s usually designed to be sensual and to highlight the person rather than their clothes or environment, though those elements are an important part of the photograph. In this type of photography, Glamour photography is also often referred to as beauty photography. It’s usually designed to be sensual and to highlight the person rather than their clothes or environment, though those elements are an important part of the photograph. Glamour photography is also sensual. It’s designed to highlight a woman’s beauty, sometimes in lingerie and sometimes nude. Glamour and fashion photography often has a similar feel and similar posing. But glamour still emphasizes the person, not what they are wearing. Boudoir is a similar but not identical type of portrait photography. Glamour photography often takes place in different locations, including outdoors. Boudoir, as the name suggests, takes place in a bedroom or home. Glamour photography often involves the use of make-up artists and a well-planned wardrobe.
CONCEPTUAL PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY:- This is another type of portrait photography where you can get creative. Conceptual portraits capture an idea (a concept) within the portrait, and they often use props to do so. Conceptual portraits capture an idea or concept within a portrait image. Photographers often use props, setting, or photo editing to achieve that concept. this type of photography, you’ll often use unique backgrounds. For example, you might find some interesting street art to use behind your subject, or you might even take the picture with your subject in water. That often has a dramatic effect. Because conceptual photography encompasses an idea, the possibilities are endless. Levitation, perspective manipulation, makeup or wardrobe tricks are common. Photoshop stunts and post-processing are part of this concept.
SURREAL PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY:- Surrealism is an artistic style that feels dream-like. That style can apply to portrait photography as well. Surreal portraits are a fine art style of portraiture. A surreal portrait turns dreams into images; it emphasizes alternate realities and an interpretation of the subject’s subconscious mind. surreal portrait work often involves Photoshop. You can also create some with props, wardrobe, and other photo tricks. A surreal portrait turns dreams into real photos. That’s tough to do, but when done well, the results are often stunning. As with any fine art style, it often involves the use of props, and often elaborate wardrobe, photo tricks, and photo editing. For example, this type of portraiture frequently involves images taken underwater. It creates a very surrealistic feel, and when done well, the results are stunning.
FAMILY AND GROUP PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY:- these portraits are often shot on location in the subject’s home or some other location where the group gathers. The nice thing about these types of portraits is that you can often capture genuine interaction between the subjects, and that can make for compelling images. Pictures of more than one person are often harder than portraits of an individual. You have more people to pose together and interact within the photograph with more people, you can also capture genuine interaction. You can’t achieve this with a single person. Portraits of groups can still fall under other sub-genres too. Lifestyle photography, for example, is a popular genre for family photography.
• ABSTRACT PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY:- This type of photography allows you to express your ideas or emotions without having to be realistic, and it’s a great opportunity to unleash your creativity. You might, for example, shoot the portrait of your subject through a rainy window or in motion so that the image is blurred. You might also get in close on one feature of their face, like one of their eyes. This is another one of the types of portrait photography that involves more of a fine art style rather than a representational style. Its purpose is not to realistically represent the subject, but rather to create a work of art. It often involves digital manipulation, and this is one genre where you can break many of the photography rules that you’re accustomed to following.
FORMAL PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY:- This is a category that pairs well with the traditional and group types of portrait photography. It simply means that it is a carefully arranged pose under optimal lighting conditions that capture the person or people looking their best. his kind of portrait is also often used to take serious types of photographs, such as those used by businesses for advertising purposes or to highlight some of their best employees.
TIPS AND TECHNIQUES FOR PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY:-
Find a perfect angle:- Find angles that are not eye level. Many times we are stuck seeing what is right in front of us. It is, after all, the easiest answer to everything. Challenge yourself to find a different angle from above or below eye-level to bring a new perspective to the image. This technique can also be used to flatter subjects of different body types and heights. In the image below, we asked the bride to sit on the ground in order to focus on her face and hair ornament while blurring out the rest of her body. It makes a more interesting image than the typical straight-on bridal portrait.
Lighting:- Lighting is critical to a photographer and forms the golden rule of lighting in photography. Directional lighting is the reason why standing in front of a light source will make the subject dark and hardly visible. Similarly, having a light source to the side will make half the subject light up and the half in shadows. For a fully lit picture, it is also easier to stand facing a light source. The creative use of the sun as a light source in outdoor portrait photography can produce stunning results. A good photographer should be able to use the available lighting to his advantage.
Use a longer lens:- A lot of photographers out there say that their 50mm is a “must-have” portrait lens, but what a mid-range lens offers is a very familiar perspective, something that our eyes are used to seeing all the time. To create a more interesting image, we avoid shooting portraits in mid-range because the images look too ordinary. Most of our portraits are shot at 200mm or 85mm to create beautiful image compression that a 50mm would not be able to produce. The compression will not only flatter your subjects with less feature distortion but shooting at a longer focal length will also create a more dramatic background blur and brings the background closer to your subject. It may be more difficult to communicate with your subjects while shooting at 200mm, but the difference will be apparent and well worth it. Our solution to this problem was to have one of us interact with our couples at close range while the other shoots from a distance.
Use a natural source of light:- It is not uncommon for photographers to avoid shooting in the sun and run for the open shade for an easier and even exposure. We covered back-lighting earlier as a solution for shooting in harsh sun-lit situations. But sunlight can also be used as a direct spotlight on your subject. By exposing for the areas directly in contact with the sun, the background and surrounding shadows will dramatically darken, drawing focus and light to your subjects. Applying this technique to different lighting situations will create varying visual effects.
Editing and post-processing:- While taking a photograph is undoubtedly essential, beginners can often neglect the importance of proper editing and retouching in professional portrait photography. A lot of the “professional” feel of the images is due to appropriate editing techniques. While this is a whole different subject on its own, some simple techniques can significantly improve the quality of your pictures. Purists may see editing as a negative, but programs like Photoshop are just tools to enhance your images. Consider a situation where you have taken a headshot and part of the body is not visible in the frame. Perhaps one of the hands is too widely spread to include in the frame. Now you would need to crop the hand to retain focus on the face.
INDOOR PHOTOGRAPHY TIPS :-
CHOOSE THE PROPER GEAR AND SETTING:- For indoor portrait photography, you will want to focus on using gear that allows for a compression of your background with a small depth of field. In standard indoor shoots such as for families, couples, and children, you will want to create portraits that are crisp, clean, and give you the visually appealing blurred, bokeh background. In order to do this, you should consider lenses that will create little to no distortion.
SHOOT IN AN ORGANIZED SPACE:- Another factor in creating your best indoor portraits is to organize the space in which you are shooting. Even if you are creating narrowed in up-close portraits, you will want there to be little to no distracting elements in the background of your images. To ensure that you have enough open space, consider making a few adjustments prior to shooting. This can be as simple as moving furniture, setting your subject in a chair against a blank wall, reorganizing the table, and removing any excess clutter that will give the appearance of disorganization or mess.
USE WINDOW FOR NATURAL LIGHT:- A simple technique to properly light and compose your subject is to move them closer to a window. A window will provide a direct light source through the glass with a small amount of diffusion, causing a soft and delicate ray of lighting for your subject. When using a window to bring in natural light, you will want to move your subject nearby, but with a few feet of distance in between. This is because we want the subject’s face to be illuminated, but not completely engulfed by the lighting causing overexposure.
ELIMINATE ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING SOURCES:- This technique will work in situations where you can use windows as a lighting source, but in other scenarios turning off all forms of lighting may prove to be difficult. If you find that your only option is to keep on the artificial lighting, you will need to adjust your camera’s white balance for proper exposure and tonal composition. To adjust your white balance, you can employ the use of a grey card to set the tonal range or even use the custom settings within your camera body to alter for the specific type of artificial lighting. Once you have determined the proper white balance, you should be able to remove any extraneous and distracting color tones from your images.
USE A FLASH OR REFLECTOR:- A flash and reflector will both help you bounce and control light in various ways. A flash can be used either directly on your camera or off-camera on a triggered system. To use the flash, you should not aim it directly at your subject as it will completely overexpose their frame. Aim to use the flash by bouncing it off of surrounding walls, therefore diffusing its intensity. Additionally, you can also use a reflector to move and manipulate lighting within your space. If you have set your subject next to a window, use the reflector to capture and bounce the natural light onto the face of your subject. This method allows you to illuminate them and also remove any form of harsh and distracting shadows.
CONSIDER USING A TRIPOD:- A tripod can be used in any situation to keep your camera level and steady but is truly necessary when you are shooting in low light conditions. Using a tripod in low light aids in keeping a balance for your equipment when your shutter speed is set lower to bring in more light. Your tripod will also help you keep your shot straight and properly aligned. If you are wary of creating images with a small amount of blur due to the lack of available lighting in your space, you definitely need to consider integrating the use of a tripod. Tripod is best for any kind of self-photography.
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We hope that all of your doubts about PORTRAIT PHOTOGRAPHY from home are clear.
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So, at last we would like to conclude as portrait photography provides you the best experince to know yourself in a better way , It also provides a feel with different expressions while capturing the image by the camera.